1 Plant Breeding : Historical Perspective
The earliest Steps in Plant Breeding, Plant Breeding Following Hybridization, Plant Breeding Until 1900, Overview of Plant Breeding Developments Before 1900, Plant Breeding About 1900, References.
2. Reproduction in Plants
Self - and Cross - fertilization in Plants, Mechanisms Influencing, Pollination, Asexual Reproduction, Determination of Pollination Systems, References.
3 Genetic and Cytogenetic Structure of Plants
Sexual Reproduction, Genetic Reproduction, Cell Division : Mitosis and Meiosis, Gamete Production, Mendelian Inheritance, Polyploidy, Effect of Polyploidy on Phenotype, Autopolyploidy, Changes in Chromosome Number, Cytoplasmic (Non-Mendelian) Inheritance, References.
4. Genetic Variation in Plants
Germplasm Resources, Sources of Germplasm, Variation, Qualitatively Inherited Traits, Selection for Qualitative Traits, Quantitative Considerations, Selecting Plants for Quantitatively Inherited Traits, Quanti- tative Genetics and Evolution, Number of Genes for Quantitative Inheritance, Compari- son of Genetically Uniform Populations with Segregating Populations, References.
5. Statistical Applications and Field Plot Technique in Plant Breeding
Research Methods, Measures of Association, Statistical Techniques to Detect Genetic Variation, Predicting Genetic Gains Through Selection, The Need for Testing Programs, Examples of Selection Procedures in Self-fertilized Crops, Field Trials, References.
6. Hybridization and Selection in Self- and Cross-pollinated Crops
Gene Segregation in Early Generations, Choosing Parents for Hybridization, Selection in Segregating Populations, Screening Methods for Plant Breeding Programs, References.
7. Mass and Pure-line Selection
Selecting from Variable Populations, Mass Selection, Pure-line Selection, References.
8. The Pedigree System
Steps in the Pedigree System, Early-Generation Selection, Additional Considerations, Observations on Pedigree Selection, Variation of the Pedigree System, References.
9. The Bulk Population Method
Description and Application, Considerations in Natural Selection, Natural Selection in Segregating Populations, Number of Generations as a Bulk Population, Natural Selection in Segregating Bulk Populations, Modifications to the Bulk Population Method, Bulk Breeding Systems Compared, Observations on the Bulk Breeding Method, References.
10. The Backcross Breeding Method
Description of a Typical Backcross Breeding Method, Backcrossing Theory, Backcrossing Cross-fertilized Crops, Linkage and Recovery of Desirable Versus Undesirable Traits, Considerations of a Backcross Breeding Program, Backcrossing to Transfer More Than One Gene, Applications of the Backcross Breeding Method, Observations on the Backcross Breeding Method, References.
11. Single-Seed-Descent and Recurrent Selection Breeding Methods
Single Seed Descent, Recurrent Selection, References.
12. Heterosis and Inbreeding in Cross-fertilized Crops
Characteristics of Cross-fertilized Crops, Inbreeding Depression, Observation of In- breeding and Heterosis in Cross-fertilized Crops, Perspective on the Genetic Basis of Heterosis in a Cross- fertilized Crop, Approach to Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium, Inbreeding Depression When Autotetraploids Are Selfed, Allelic Interactions in Autotetraploids, Response to Selection, Evolutionary Aspects, References.
13. Selection Methods in Cross-fertilized Crops
Unconscious Selection, Mass Selection, Ear-to-Row Selection, Description of Selection Methods Using a Progeny Test, Concept of Combining Ability, Development and Maintenance of Open-pollinated Maize Cultivars, Conclusion, References.
14. Hybrid Development and Parental Selection
Selection of Inbred Lines, Combining Ability Tests of Inbred Lines, Estimating the Performance of Double Crosses in Maize, Producing F1 Hybrids, Extension of Maize Techniques to Other Crops, References.
15. Synthetic Cultivars in Cross-fertilized Crops
Breeding System for Synthetic Cultivar Development, Outline of a Practical Program for Developing a Synthetic Alfalfa Cultivars, Layout of the Polycross in the field, Performance of Synthetic cultivars, Type of Gene Action, Advantages and Disadvantages of Synthetic cultivars, References.
16. Recurrent Selection in Cross-fertilized Crops
Recurrent Selection Methods in Annual Crops, Types of Testers and Results of Selection, Selfing, or S1 Recurrent Selection, Reciprocal Recurrent Selection, Recurrent Selection Methods in Perennial Crops, Use of Populations Developed by Recurrent Selection, Recurrent Selection in Horticultural Crops, Introgression of Germplasm, References.
17. Interspecific and Intergeneric Hybridization
Wide Crosses, Isolation Mechanisms in Hybridization, Overcoming, Reproductive Barriers, Producing New Species and New Products, Alien ,Chromosome Addition, References.
18. Mutation Breeding
Induced Mutations, Induced Versus Spontaneous Mutations, The Nature of Mutations, Mutation Breeding Systems, Practical Results from Mutation Breeding in Seed Crops, Mutations in Vegetatively Propagated Crops, Induced Mutations in Fruit Trees, Biotechnology and Mutation Breeding, The Plant Breeder's Viewpoint on Mutations,References.
19. Haploid Breeding Systems
Using Haploid Procedures, Haploid Breeding Procedures, Comparisons of the Haploid Method with Other Techniques for Handling Segregating Populations, Studies of Genetic Variance in Self-fertilized Crops, Applications, Observations on Doubled- Haploid Methods, References.
20. Asexual Breeding Systems
Sexual Versus Asexual Reproduction, Characteristics of Asexual Reproduction, Breeding Vegetatively Propagated Plants, Apomixis, Aspects of Breeding in Apomictic Plants, References.
21. Cell and Molecular Biology Tools for Plant Breeding
Somaclonal Variation, Directed Selection, Haploidy, Gene Transfer, Germplasm and Pedigree Identification, Conclusion, References.
22. Commercial Hybrids in Self-fertilized Crops
Male Sterility in Self-fertilized Crops, Multiplier Effect, Hybrid Performance, F1 Hybrids in Specific Crops, Conclusion, Reference.
23 Cultivar Release, Seed Certification and Multiplication, and Proprietary Protection
Cultivar Licensing, Breeder Seed, Considerations in Seed Multiplication from Breeder Seed, Pedigree, or Seed Certification, International Organizations, Seed Vigor and Plant Performance, Seed Vigor Tests, Plant Breeder's Rights, or Proprietary Protection, References.